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The attentional-gate model (Block & Zakay, 1996; Zakay & Block, 1996) combines the idea of an inside clock with that of attentional processes in time notion. Briefly, pulses that are produced by a pacemaker of an internal clock are seen as the uncooked material of time data. These pulses accumulate in the clock’s cognitive counter and are transferred to working memory.
Secondly, in accordance with different research on time perception and attentional processes (Brown, 1997), our second hypothesis predicts that task difficulty would affect efficiency in time perception tasks. We count on that attentional sources get diverted from the timing task when members are required to concurrently process nontemporal stimuli causing a slowdown of subjective time flow. Since attentional processes play a key role in prospective time judgments (Block, 1992), as measured within the present examine, one mannequin specializing in consideration in time notion shall now be illustrated in additional detail.
We determined to not use an interval of 10 seconds for the harder task as a result of we wished subjects to get properly sufficient distracted from the timing task. Because of the writing task, the experimenter took over the part of pressing the stopwatch with participants verbally saying the beginning and end of the interval.
There, time judgment is made by the comparison of the variety of accrued pulses with the average pulse quantity assembled in comparable time periods of the past. According to this model, a gate between pacemaker and counter determines the transmission of pulses between both.
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The gate in turn is influenced by the allocation of attentional sources between the processing of time and nontemporal stimuli. If an individual assigns extra attention to the passage of time, the gate opens and more pulses from the pacemaker accumulate within the counter, leading to longer length judgments.