Self‐management interventions vary, however the most distinguished affected person‐directed applications of ICT in the house are delivered via personal computers and functions for cell technology, similar to iPad, Android tablets, sensible phones, and Skype (Lindberg 2013). These self‐management interventions provide data and instruction whereas facilitating aim setting and self‐monitoring.

Comparison group interventions included face‐to‐face and/or exhausting copy/digital documentary instructional/self‐management help. We based comparisons on academic programmes of comparable content, structure, and length provided for each intervention (laptop/mobile technology) and comparison teams. We included remote and Web‐based mostly interventions delivered through applied sciences that give patients access to ehealth information to alter behaviours in direction of self‐management of COPD. These applied sciences include private computer systems (PCs) and applications (apps) for cellular technology corresponding to iPad, Android tablets, sensible telephones, and Skype.


They could rely on a number of approaches, similar to video, audio, digital pictures, and hard or digital copies, to ship academic and motivational content material associated to points similar to smoking cessation, exercise, food plan, and symptom administration. People who acquired sensible technology showed greater enchancment in self‐management and quality of life and increased bodily activity in contrast with people who obtained face‐to‐face/digital and/or written support over a 4‐week to six‐month interval. Also, hospital admissions and exacerbations of COPD didn’t differ between those who used sensible technology and those who didn’t. Only one study supplied information about people who stopped smoking and reported no differences between groups. To consider the effectiveness of interventions delivered by laptop and by mobile technology versus face‐to‐face or onerous copy/digital documentary‐delivered interventions, or each, in facilitating, supporting, and sustaining self‐management among people with COPD.

Technical Support

We deliberate to further assess the intervention group in terms of technology, content material, objective, period, and cost. We intended to undertake subgroup evaluation to determine the influence of the digital divide through the use of age and academic level, as these factors might affect uptake and use of technology. We aimed to hold out the next subgroup analyses when appropriate.

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We included members who live at home or in a non‐healthcare residential setting (sheltered housing) and who use, or have entry to, technology, for example, personal computer, tablet, or good cellphone, to help them manage their sickness. We planned to include studies that recruited people from totally different care settings, however only if the examine report recognized individually results of members who have been living at house. Available evidence might inform future analysis and technology associated to self‐management of COPD.